Friday, February 01, 2013

My Comments to the Enbridge Northern Gateway Joint Review Panel

The official transcript is at:
I have made small edits for clarity.

Good morning, everyone. Thank you for listening.

In 1827, over 180 years ago, a French scientist, Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, wrote a paper that helped us understand how our planet works. It was based on earlier experiments by a Swiss scientist, deSaussure. In 1896, Svante Arrhenius, a Swedish scientist, building on that paper developed a formula that allowed him to calculate exactly how much temperatures would rise based on the CO2 that we put into our atmosphere.

That was 117 years ago. We’ve had 117 years of experiments, data collection, research, measurement and even more precise calculations and yet, from what I understand, this Panel is not even going to fully consider the impact of that science and this project.

Anthropogenic global warming has been called the most peer-reviewed project in the history of science. Every scientific body of national and international standing has taken a position in favour of it and yet we’re not allowed to fully consider the impact that this project will have based on that science.

The Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline will pump about 525,000 barrels per day of petroleum. That works out to 225 million kilograms of CO2 warming potential each day, or about 225,000 tonnes per day. That’s 82 million tonnes per year, or at least I thought it was when I did those calculations. Then I realized I was using the factor for conventional oil to do those calculations, and since this is coming from the tar sands, the factor should be higher. So it works out to be about 99 million tonnes per year of CO2 warming potential that will be going through this pipeline.

As you probably know, just this month the National Resource Defence Council in the United States released some information showing that we’ve actually been underestimating the CO2 warming potential from tar sands fossil fuels.

So again we have these numbers, 99 million tonnes per year, and yet, from what I understand, we’re not even supposed to be considering those numbers when it comes to the impact of this project.

Nicholas Stern, who wrote this very damming report about how climate change would affect our economies, recently admitted that he was wrong, That in fact he’d underestimated the impact. He said, I quote, “It’s far worse. This is potentially so dangerous that we have to act strongly.”

I don’t want to diminish the other concerns about this pipeline. There certainly are very valid concerns about the spills that will happen on land and on water.

My family has lived for generations here in B.C. along the coast. My family was some of the original settlers up in the area that’s shown on the map here [referring to the map on the screen] along the pipeline route. And we’ve also lived in Alberta. I actually worked in the tar sands for a brief period of time. So again, I don’t want to diminish the very serious effects that this could have on the ecosystem.

But the truth that we don’t want to talk about too much is the fact that even if we had quadruple-hulled tankers and even if we had triple- walled pipelines, even if we had no spills on land or in water, almost all of this product would still be spilled. It would be spilled into the atmosphere through combustion at the end use. To me, that seems insane that we aren’t even allowed to consider that impact in this process.

We are allowed to consider the impact that it will have on communities and, of course, climate change will affect communities, not only here in B.C. but around the world. So I guess, if we think about it that way we are allowed to consider the impact that climate change will have.

The science is pretty clear that we need to have an 80 to 90 percent reduction in fossil fuel use. What that means is that even the existing pipelines that we have are carrying too much fossil fuels and that we need to be decommissioning existing pipelines in order to meet the targets that the science
says we need to meet.

To me, it just seems insane that we are building new pipelines under these conditions. With all this evidence of the harm that it will be doing to future generations, it seems to me almost sociopathic to go ahead with a project like this.

Anyone who cares about our children and future generations must work to stop this pipeline.

In April my first daughter will be arriving, which means that I will continue to work to stop this pipeline.

Thank you

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Translink Fare Increase Talking Points

- Transportation is one of the highest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in our regions so it is important to shift to less polluting modes.
- Metro Vancouver with a transit modal share of only 13% lags behind many world class cities that have modal shares of 40-60%.
- Zurich has achieved a transit modal share of 63% by keeping fares relatively low (a one zone monthly fare card is about 40% less than one in Vancouver).
- Private automobiles are subsidized by about 6 billion dollars per year in our region.
- The subsidies that to go automobiles should be shifted to transit. This would provide long term stable funding for the service and reduce the need for fare increases.

Friday, July 27, 2012

My Carbon Tax Submission

A carbon tax can offers a significant opportunity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stimulate innovative economic activity.  However, evidence would suggest that the carbon tax must be priced appropriately.

I believe that the carbon tax in BC is currently priced too low and needs to be raised significantly.  The net price of natural gas including the carbon tax is now less than it was before the carbon tax was introduced in 2008.   This means that it has not created any significant economic incentive for users to reduce consumption and switch to other energy sources.  And it has made it difficult for businesses to create innovative alternatives to fossil fuels.

Sweden  has a carbon tax of over $100 per ton and has demonstrated success in reducing its emissions.

We should be raising our carbon tax to at least that level to make BC a leader in innovative sustainability solutions.

Sunday, June 03, 2012

Sunday, May 06, 2012

Coal Train Stopped

IMGP7458 by Rob__
IMGP7458, a photo by Rob__ on Flickr.

On May 5, 2012 citizens blocked a BNSF rail line in White Rock, BC. As a result 6 trains carrying coal to a west coast shipping port were delayed or cancelled. Over a dozen people were arrested including two SFU professors (one a Noble Prize winner) and one former Vancouver City Councillor (also a medical doctor). Via Flickr:

Thursday, February 02, 2012

Alternatives to Enbridge

The Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline has been a hot topic here in BC. And one question that often arises is "What are the realistic alternatives?"

The science is clear that we need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80-90% (these calculations are detailed in the first two chapters of George Monbiot's book Heat). Which means we need to reduce fossil fuel use dramatically. And that means that simply refining the crude oil in Alberta or using trucks to ship it instead of a pipeline are NOT viable alternatives.

So, I have attempted to produce a quick summary of realistic alternatives. This is just a quick summary - an entire book could easily be written on this subject.

Please note that all these alternatives are realistic and proven.  They are already being used by communities, individuals and businesses around the world.  They do not rely on some new technology that has not been invented yet.

• Redesign urban areas with dense mixed use communities where most trips can be done by walking and cycling. 
• Longer urban passenger trips done by electrified rapid transit.

In many European cities 70-75% of trips are already done without cars and those numbers are increasing.
• Inter-city passenger trips done by electrified high speed trains
This is already common place in Europe and Japan.
• Dramatically reduce global air travel and replace intercontinental trips with slower but much more efficient ships using new high-tech sails.
• Long haul goods transported by electrified trains.
• Short haul goods by electrified trucks.
• Rural passenger and goods transport (eg. farm to town) by electric and bio-fuel vehicles.
Using bio-fuels in all private vehicles would be a disaster for food production, but the majority of Canadians live in urban environments and could use the transportation options listed above. Bio-fuels only make sense if used for a limited segment of vehicles.

Building Heating:
• Upgrade building envelopes on existing buildings.
• All new buildings built to passiv-haus standards (which require minimal heating even in northern climates).
• HRV (heat recovery ventilation) combined with electric heat pumps or high efficiency masonry furnaces using bio-fuels (ie. wood).
• Solar Hot Water / Hydronics and Solar Hot Air (where efficient).
• On-demand electric heater or heat pumps for domestic hot water combined with solar.

Electrical Plug Loads, Appliances:
• Upgrade to energy efficient lighting, occupancy controls, efficient appliances and phantom load controls.
Typical commercial buildings in BC can see a 30-40% reduction in energy use implementing projects with paybacks of less than 5 years. If we encouraged projects with longer paybacks we could see even greater reductions in energy use.

Embedded Energy:
• Consume less material goods!
• Require "cradle to cradle" design for all products.
• Support local economies (especially the farming sector) to reduce transportation.

• None of the above solutions require fossil fuels but many require electricity.  So electricity generated from fossil fuels needs to be replaced with Solar, Wind, Tidal, Wave, Geothermal and appropriately sited Mico-hydro. And if the solutions above are implemented efficiently we will be using less electricity than we do now.

As an added bonus, the projects involved in making the switch to a less fossil fuel intensive society would generate far more jobs than the pipeline ever would.

I am putting together a presentation based on the above summary. Contact me if you would like to have me present it.

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Oulu vs Vancouver

Oulu, Finland sounds like an interesting place.  A subarctic climate  but with more than 500 km of bike routes (mostly separated).  Vancouver is at about 400 km, most not separated.  And their modal share for cycling is between 20 and 37%.  If Vancouver is going to be the world's greenest city we need to catch up with cities like Oulu.  Unfortunately some of those candidates running for mayor want us to fall further behind.

[photo courtesy  City of Oulu, Finland ]